Forest Fires November 2019

Forest Fires are Killing our Planet! And We Can Control That!

Volcano spewing toxic and in the atmosphere we cannot control that.
2018 California fire spewing toxic and CO2 in the atmosphere.
2019 California fire spewing toxic and CO2 in the atmosphere.

Generally 20 volcanoes actively erupting at any particular time.

We cannot control volcanoes erupting, but we can control forest fires across our planet.

Forest fires are to be blamed on current and past destructive weather patterns across the Globe.

The 2018 California fire lasted 4 months it brought more pollution in the atmosphere in history.

California’s 2018 fire season, including the largest fire in state history, released nearly as much climate-warming and air-polluting emissions as a year’s worth of electricity use there. The wildfires released 68 million tons of carbon dioxide in 2018, according to the US Geological Survey, or 15% of the state’s total emissions. For comparison, all electricity use in California in 2016 produced roughly 76 million tons in emissions.

The 2018 wildfire season involves wildfires on multiple continents. An extremely rare event occurred when wildfires broke out north of the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia, with one burning on the Russia–Finland border near the Barents Sea on July 20. By the end of the calendar year, the fires in British Columbia had burned more area than in any prior recorded year; and California experienced the single largest (by area) fire on record, and a fire destroyed more structures than in any other in modern history. Similarly, the UK saw the most wildfires ever recorded in a single year, at 76.  In 2017 the USA reported 71,499 wildfires more than 10 million acres were burned. In 2018 58,083 wildfires with 8.8 million acres were burned. 

The amount of CO2 added to the atmosphere by Arctic wildfires during the first three weeks of July is equal to the annual fossil fuel CO2 emissions for Bulgaria, Hungary and Sweden.

Scientist like, Parrington Zimov a teacher in ecological fieldwork in northern Siberia, Sue Natali a permafrost expert,  Romanovsky , a permafrost expert at the University of Alaska. These are just a few Scientist among many giving us the facts.

Global and local impacts

Thawing permafrost has many impacts both locally and globally, affecting infrastructure, land use and water resources. As permafrost thaw occurs that’s when we start to see the heaving of highways and roads and cracks in the buildings.

Thawing permafrost causes $51M in damages every year to N.W.T. public infrastructure.

Once permafrost thaws, the land becomes boggy, which can be challenging to walk or drive on even with all-terrain vehicle. Researchers predict thawing will cause the loss of woodland caribou habitat.                                                                                                                                  

Permafrost acts as a warehouse for stored carbon, which, once thawed, releasing ancient bacteria and viruses as well as greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane that further heat the planet.

Permafrost is widespread in the northern part of the Northern Hemisphere, where it occurs in 85 percent of Alaska, 55 percent of Russia and Canada, and probably all of Antarctica.  Permafrost is more widespread and extends to greater depths in the north than in the south.

Compared with carbon dioxide, methane has a shorter lifetime in the atmosphere but is better at trapping radiation, so methane’s impact is more than 25 times greater than that of carbon dioxide over a 100-year period, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Experts are increasingly concerned about the consequences of thawing permafrost that is located both beneath land and water in the planet’s coldest regions.

The fountain covers an area of 4 to 5 meters wide. The water was boiling with methane bubbles so violently that the scientist used buckets to collect samples

Scientists in Siberia have discovered an area of sea that is “boiling” with methane, with bubbles that can be scooped from the water with buckets. Researchers on an expedition to the East Siberian Sea said the “methane fountain” was unlike anything they had seen before, with concentrations of the gas in the region to be six to seven times higher than the global average.

So It’s Time We Eliminate What We Can Control, Forest Fires

WORLD WIDE

The question is how do we deal with forest fires?

May I remind you, this is a global Problem not just in the USA or Canada it’s everywhere in the world. So you must help your neighbour to fight fires, we will all be winners on the long run.

We cannot control Mother Nature Aging, but we can control Human caused pollution and destruction, by doing so we will be giving our children’s, children’s a better place to live in.

Two important tools that come to mind and that’s People on the ground. The other we need more Planes and Helicopters.

Below is a list of Planes and Helicopters used for forest fires, but only a few are actually built for that purpose:

Planes

CL-215 Scooper

The Scooper was the first in a line of firefighting aircraft made by Canadair (acquired by Bombardier). And, it can get rid of more than 1,000 gallons of water in a hurry.

CL-415 Super Scooper

The ‘Super Scooper’ is one of the few aircraft built specifically for water bombing, and it’s the big brother of the CL-215. It can land and reload on water.

PZL M-18 Dromader

The Dromader is a Polish aircraft that was built in the 1970s with the help of US manufacturer Rockwell International. The Polish wanted FAA certification to help sell their planes worldwide, and Rockwell wanted Poland’s high-powered radial engines on its own agricultural airplanes.

AT-802F Fire Boss

The Fire Boss can be configured with floats to reload closer to fires.

Be-200

Another heavy lifter from Russia, the Be-200 can carry 3,170 gallons of water and reload at sea.

BAe 146

You may have flown on the BAe 146 when it was used by airlines, but many of them now have been converted for firefighting.

747

Want to see the biggest of them all?  747 is able of dropping 20,500 gallons of water! 

DC-10

Here’s some heavy metal. The DC-10 can drop 12,000 gallons of water – that’s up to 10 times more than most mainstream firefighting aircraft.

 

Helicopters 

Mil Mi-8

The Mi-8 is one of the most produced helicopters in the world. Approximately 40 of them are equipped for firefighting operations.

CH-46 Sea Knight

The Sea Knight can haul pretty much anything, including over 2,400 gallons of water.

Bell 205

Most people think of Bells as news or police helicopters, but they’re pretty good and fighting fires as well. 

S-64 Skycrane

When it’s not helping build skyscrapers, the Skycrane is hauling 2,650 gallons of water to fight fires.

IL-76

Need to lift a lot of water? The IL-76 can do it. It was originally designed to deliver heavy machinery to remote locations, but approximately 25 were modified for firefighting capability.

S-70 Firehawk

The Oregon National Guard was the first US military organization to use this heavy lifting helo for firefighting.

This is my selection for the Plane and Helicopter

Canada has purchased 63 CL-215 and CL-415 that’s not enough! for the size and woodland of the country the number should be 300.

CL-415

Water Scooping

Water scooping is a highly effective firefighting technique that requires an aircraft to scoop a large volume of water from a source, such as a river or lake, and dropping a mix of water and fire suppressant over the fire. The CL-415EAF can scoop water from a site that is as small as two metres (6.5 feet) deep and 90 metres (300 feet) wide. If the designated water site doesn’t have the capacity for a full water load, a partial load will be used and the CL-415EAF aircraft will make multiple trips, returning to the fire.

This highly-manoeuvrable aircraft allows pilots to navigate around obstacles such as river bends, still in flying mode, while scooping water.

To scoop up a 5,447-litre (1,439-US gallon) load of water, it takes the CL-415EAF aircraft only 12 seconds, travelling at 130 km/h (70 knots) and covering 410 metres (1,350 feet).

Water Scooping Specifications

 

Scooping Time 12 seconds
Water Volume Scooped 5,447 litres
(1,439 US gallons)
Water Mass Scooped 6,137 kilograms
(13,500 pounds)
Water Pickup Distance 410 metres
(1,350 feet)
Total Distance* 1,340 metres
(4,400 feet)

*includes descent from 15 metres (50 feet) and climb-out to 15 metres (50 feet) 

Scooping Sequence

The principle of initial attack is to reach wildfires as quickly as possible once detected. The CL-415 departs from the base to make the first drop on the first pass, and then reloads for subsequent drops. The CL-415 Can reload up to 6,137 litres in 12 seconds.

Aerial Direct Attack helps contain wildfires by continuously distributing massive volumes of water and fire suppressant liquid to the “hot spot” of the fire.

Price 27 million

Helicopter

S-70 Firehawk

Last year, Cal Fire awarded a contract to United Rotorcraft to supply up to a dozen new S-70i helicopters equipped for firefighting.

Earlier versions of the aircraft have already proven themselves as capable emergency medical services (EMS), SAR, firefighting, and troop-carrying platforms with both military and public use operators, notably the L.A. County Fire Department. Sikorsky claims that the improvements in the latest S-70i variant will make it better at all of those missions while also easier on pilot workload.

The S-70i has a maximum gross weight with external load of 23,500 pounds (10,660 kilograms), a 9,000-lb (4,080 kg) hook capacity, and hover-out-of-ground-effect (HOGE) gross weight of 18,000 lb. (8,165 kg) at 11,000 feet density altitude.

With the basic empty weight of a tank-equipped S-70i likely in the neighbourhood of 15,000 lb. (6,800 kg), that will leave plenty on the table for pilots, fuel, and water in the tank.

Compared to the S-70A models currently being operated by L.A. County, Sikorsky claims an increase in payload of 850 lb. (385 kg), gains attributable to both the higher available torque from the new GE-T701D engines, and the increase in efficiency of the i model’s wide-chord blades, which use slightly less power to carry the same load as the old A and L model blades.

Price 17 million without the fire fighting equipment

LUN